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18.06.1920 List domovsky
What is a List domovsky?
A 'List Domovsky' was awarded to people in the municipality of issue:
- who were born and lived there,
- women married to a resident of the municipality,
- who were employed by the municipality such as teachers, police officers, …, parish priest,
- who have been living there for a very long time, or
- who were put to work in the municipality by e.g. a glassworks.
With this document they had a number of social rights such as the right to live in the municipality and if they were in poverty or needed help, the municipality had to help them further. It was sometimes used as a kind of identity document that, together with a visa, gave the possibility to cross the border.
The layout of the documents was designed by each municipality. It was introduced in 1849 and was used until the end of 1948.
Why did Johann Jecelin get a 'List Domovsky' in Rataje nad Sazavou?
Johann sr was born in Antonienthal and yet he got black on white that he was born in Rataje nad Sazavou. In 1920 he no longer lived in the Czech Republic but in Weißwasser in Germany and was certainly not born in Rataje nad Sazavou. At that time, glassblowers were not hard-hit and went from one glassworks to another for short periods of time, so they never qualified for a 'List Domovsky' in the municipality where they lived or worked. Because Johann's ancestor was born in Rataje nad Sazavou, Johann did receive the document. It was an exception to the conditions that glassblowers could enjoy.
When we look at the family tree (current state of affairs see family tree) we see that in the 1600s all descendants were born in Rataje nad Sazavou until 1813 there were also born outside Rataje nad Sazavou. Especially the branch of glassblowers (Jan Jecelin) moved regularly with the result that their descendants were born in various municipalities or cities. All male descendants of Jan as far as our family tree is complete, were all glassblowers.